Wikivoyage:What is an article?


Wikivoyageが首尾一貫するように体裁を整えるには、ガイドラインを設けて特定の主題が記事になるかどうかを照らします。 ここでは互いに矛盾する原則が2つ関わってきます。

  1. それぞれの記事は自己完結型が理想。旅行者は必要なページだけプリントアウトしてポケットにでも入れて置き、あちこちで取り出しては活用できます。
  2. それと同時に、記事はあまり長くなってしまうと、読むのもプリントアウトするのも使うのも、不便になります。

そこで、ここではどんな主題が記事になるかどうか判断するため、大まかな線引きを示してあります。いずれも臨機応変に当てはめればよいのですが、よほどしっかりした理由がない限り、これら原則を守るようにお願いします。

The test for destination-style articles編集

The most common and quickest assessment of whether a type of place merits an article is "Can You Sleep There?" That is, is there any type of accommodation open to the public: hotels, hostels, campgrounds, cabins, wigwams, yurts, space station bunks, etc. If a place, such as a national park, has no facilities, but has rules for pitching a tent in the wilderness, that can work too. On the other hand, while there are numerous hotels and other lodging options in a city like en:London, you can't sleep in a museum or park within that city; such parks and museums should thus be listed as attractions within an article about the city.

Sleeping isn't all that travellers do, though, and there should be some content to fill out our other standard article sections. If there really is no place to find food, nothing to do, and nothing to see at a location, it's likely that the article won't meet the criteria established in this policy. Nonetheless, Wikivoyagers exercise wide discretion to group handfuls of smaller villages into one larger article or split huge cities into individual districts of manageable size, wherever this best suits the destination.

Asking "can you sleep there?" is a guideline. A particular division of territory into pages of reasonable size might make sense for the destination, but leave one article without a hotel. That's fine. Where no lodging in one district is safe or clean, simply note this and move on.

記事が できる 主題とは?編集

地理的な単位のうち地理的階層にあるものは固有の記事を作るべきです。下記のものは必要な記事に含まれます。

小さな村や集落はリダイレクトを使って最寄りの都市の記事にリストとして統合したり、複数をひとまとめにしたりするとよいようです。

もし地理的単位を分割する場合、Wikivoyageにおいて「都市」または「地域」の境界線は行政上の区分と重ならなくてもよい点—国と県、都市と都市など—つまり県境や市境はあくまでも行政府が政治を運営する目的で引いたものである点をお忘れなく。もし郡部に空港があり、最も利用される大都市の一部として組み込むのが合理的なら、実行します。面積は広大でもアンティコスティ (英語版島のような過疎地なら、観光スポットの数が少なければ島全体を目的地1ヵ所と数えて構いません。その代わり、モントリオール (英語版などあまりにも巨大な都市は、必要に応じて複数の地区をまとめ、ページ編集がやりやすい大きさに分割します。地理的な単位は、充実した目的地や見どころが4、5ヵ所まとまる程度の広がりを持ち、またダラダラと長いリスト (英語版ではなく、グループ分けをした上で重複や空白地帯を作らないようにします。

What does not get its own article?編集

Individual attractions should not have their own articles (in general). Their information should be listed in the guide to the destination in which they are located (or nearest destination for attractions located in the middle of nowhere). Again, the can-you-sleep-there test is a good quick tool for assessing whether something merits an article. With a few very rare exceptions (see below) there should not be articles about individual:

  • Tiny or sparsely populated villages and hamlets that have no cultural or natural attractions, or hospitality venues. Their names can be redirected to a nearby or surrounding community, or a group of such communities can be covered in a single article (like en:Rural Montgomery County or en:Surinamese Rainforest).
  • Companies, even those holding a de facto monopoly or those owned by the state (hotels, restaurants, bars, stores, nightclubs, tour operators, airlines, rail or bus operators, etc.) Monopolies that are likely to be used as frequent search terms may be created as redirects to the relevant article, such as en:Amtrak, which redirects to en:rail travel in the United States.
  • Museums, statues or other works or institutions of art. World famous institutions like the en:British Museum, the en:Louvre or the en:Smithsonian can have redirects, but most museums should not.
  • City parks, town squares or streets. Districts named after streets like en:San Francisco/Castro Street and en:Singapore/Orchard are OK, as well as itineraries which describe a significant trail, road or highway (such as the en:Alaska Highway or en:Oxfordshire Way).
  • Festivals or events, except upcoming large-scale international events such as the en:Formula One or the en:Olympic Games.
  • Transport systems, stations or routine schedules, except those who qualify as an itinerary, such as en:Hurtigruten.
  • People, animals, objects, or non-travel-related concepts (though sometimes notable people can be the subject of itineraries or travel topics: e.g., en:On the trail of Marco Polo and en:Astrid Lindgren tourism).
  • Bodies of water (actually, this one's a bit more complicated—see en:Project:Bodies of water). Cities or land regions named after bodies of water (like en:Lake Placid or en:Lac-Saint-Jean) are OK, as are dive guides, travel topics and itineraries which navigate significant waterways (such as the en:Mississippi River and the Rideau or en:Erie Canal).
  • Uninhabited islands.
  • Highly restricted government/military installations, or other places that are (for all practical purposes) impossible to visit. Note that just because a place is difficult to visit does not preclude it from having its own article - see en:next-to-impossible destinations for examples of places that most travelers will never visit, but still warrant an article.

We prefer that attractions, sites, and events be included in the article for the place where they're located; see where you can stick it for details. For example, a lake might be listed under the "See" section of the closest town, and a bar would be listed under the "Drink" section of the town in which it is located.

If an attraction or an event is really famous, and travellers may not know the city or region it is in, then create an article with the attraction name as title, but make it a redirect to the appropriate destination article, and put the actual description of the attraction in the destination article. For example, en:Taj Mahal redirects to Agra and en:Burning Man redirects to Black Rock City.

Exceptions編集

There are exceptions to every rule, and Wikivoyage is no different. Be aware, however, that if you think something deserves an exception you should be ready to defend your opinion. Cases where exceptions are made include attractions, sites, or events that are far away (too far for a day trip) from any city and would require an overnight stay, or so large and complex that the information about them would overload the city article. A good rule of thumb is that information about attractions, sites, events, and transportation should always be initially placed into an existing article, and only when that information becomes too large and complex (more than 3-4 paragraphs) should a new article be considered. For example, if you think a theme park deserves its own article, first add content for the theme park as a sub-section of the "See" or "Do" section in the article for the region or city that the park is located in. After that content has developed sufficiently it will help to demonstrate why a separate article is (or is not) warranted.

As with most decisions on Wikivoyage, consensus drives the process, but we try to err on the side of consistency and not make these exceptions unless they are clearly warranted. Before starting an article based on one of the above exceptions, start a discussion to explore whether it would be appropriate. In general, "exception" articles that contain only minimal content will be merged and redirected into an existing city or region article.

Some examples of possible exceptions include:

...but not small, typical city or local parks for day use. en:New York City's famous Central Park is one exception as its size, complexity and number of attractions are comparable to a large-city district.
...but not individual ruins in or near modern cities.
...but not individual abandoned buildings or structures.
...but not amusement parks in or next to a city, such as Coney Island or Tivoli.
...but not trains only for transportation without extensive exposure to scenic beauty or on board entertainment.
  • Ski resorts like en:Aspen that function as a town, with all the services that a town would provide (more than one lodging option, restaurants, bars, shops, etc.)
...but not ski resorts that are part of or by a town, like Taos Ski Valley in en:Taos, which is part of the community of Taos that has a lot of "destination-like" features beyond the ski area.
...but not purely-regional events such as the Windsoren:Detroit International Freedom Festival, which are listed at city level. (After an exceptional event is finished, the article should be moved to [[Wikivoyage:Past events/Name of event]], with a redirect left from the original location.)
...but not typical metropolitan or regional airports. Some specific guidelines as to when an airport merits its own article:
  • It should serve as a hub with a large number of connecting flights. Travellers are unlikely to spend a lot of time at airports that are merely origin or destination points.
  • It must have several food and shopping options available; if the airport does not have enough amenities to fill out a "Buy" and "Eat and Drink" section then it does not merit its own article.
See also: en:Wikivoyage:Airport Expedition

Non destination-style articles編集

In addition, the following categories of articles are given their own articles:

We also have some extra article types for dealing with cases that do not fit elsewhere.

判断に迷ったら編集

迷いがあるときは水茶屋に相談を投稿するか、単にWikivoyage:思い切って前に進み (英語版、記事を立てます。誰かが質問に答えてくれたり、間違いがあったら訂正してくれるでしょう。

関連項目編集